Kinetics of antibodies and antigens in serum of mice experimentally infected with echinostoma caproni (trematoda: echinostomatidae)

Abstract
The present study reports on the kinetics of antibodies and antigens in serum of mice experimentally infected with 75 metacercariae of Echinostoma caproni during the first 12 wk postinfection (wpi). Antibody titers in the serum of mice were determined by an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using excretory/secretory (ES) antigens of E. caproni. The early detection of antibodies against ES antigens of E. caproni is feasible using indirect ELISA. Mice developed significant antibody responses at 2 wpi, and the values progressively increased until the end of the experiment. This may be related to the intestinal absorption of adult worm antigens that induces humoral responses. The presence of E. caproni circulating antigens was determined by a capture ELISA based on polyclonal rabbit antibodies against ES antigens of E. caproni. High levels of seroantigens in mice were detected by 1–2 wpi, probably because of the local inflammatory responses in mice induced by the adult worms. A drop in circulating antigen levels was observed at 9 wpi, which could reflect changes in the intestinal tissues over the course of the infection.
Description
Bibliographic reference
TOLEDO NAVARRO, Rafael ; Espert Fernandez, Ana M. ; Muñoz Antoli-Candela, Carla Teresa ; Marcilla Diaz, Antonio ; Fried, Bernard ; Esteban Sanchis, Jose Guillermo, 2005, Kinetics of antibodies and antigens in serum of mice experimentally infected with echinostoma caproni (Trematoda: echinostomatidae), Journal of Parasitology, vol. 91, no. 4, p. 978–980