Efeitos de um programa multiprofissional de tratamento da obesidade com treinamento aquático sobre parâmetros bioquímicos, composição corporal e aptidão física em adultos
In the context of the concerning global prevalence of obesity and the critical need for multidisciplinary interventions to drive lifestyle changes among individuals with obesity, this study aims to investigate the effects of a comprehensive multidisciplinary program, including aquatic training, on biochemical parameters, body composition, and physical fitness in severely obese adults. Over a period of 24 weeks, a team of diverse professionals in Physical Education, Nutrition, Psychology, and Medicine collaborated on this research. The study enrolled sixteen participants with severe obesity (BMI > 40 kg/m2). The interventions encompassed aquatic aerobic exercises, accompanied by nutritional and psychological guidance. Significant improvements were observed in the C-Reactive Protein index (mg/L) (p=0.0439), with a notable reduction in body fat percentage (%) after the 24week treatment program (p=0.0136). Additionally, manual pressure force (kg) displayed a statistically significant increase at 16 weeks (p=0.0006) and 24 weeks (p=0.0014). These compelling findings underscore the remarkable progress in biochemical parameters, body composition, and physical fitness among severely obese adults, underscoring the critical importance of treatment programs targeting dietary and lifestyle changes for public health improvement. By adopting a multidisciplinary approach, this study emphasizes the effectiveness of comprehensive interventions in addressing the complex challenges posed by severe obesity. In summary, this research reinforces the significance of implementing multidisciplinary programs to foster lifestyle modifications and provides valuable insights into tackling severe obesity in adult populations. By highlighting the pivotal role of holistic interventions, this study contributes to the ongoing global efforts to combat the escalating obesity epidemic.
Moreira Castilho, M. de Souza, A. A. de Sousa, T. R. Faúndez-Casanova, C. da Silva Alexandrino, W.G. Moya-Mata, I. dos Santos, M.J. Franzini, P.C. Westphal-Nardo, G. Nardo Junior, N. 2023 Efeitos de um programa multiprofissional de tratamento da obesidade com treinamento aquático sobre parâmetros bioquímicos, composição corporal e aptidão física em adultos Revista Ciencias de la Actividad Física UCM 24 2 1 16