Kihon Checklist to assess frailty in older adults: Some evidence on the internal consistency and validity of the Spanish version
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Kihon Checklist to assess frailty in older adults: Some evidence on the internal consistency and validity of the Spanish version

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Kihon Checklist to assess frailty in older adults: Some evidence on the internal consistency and validity of the Spanish version

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dc.contributor.author Sentandreu-Mañó, T
dc.contributor.author Cezón Serrano, Natalia
dc.contributor.author Cebrià i Iranzo, MA
dc.contributor.author Tortosa Chuliá, M. Ángeles
dc.contributor.author Tomás Miguel, José Manuel
dc.contributor.author Salom Terrádez, JR
dc.contributor.author Balasch-Bernat, M.
dc.date.accessioned 2022-01-07T09:59:22Z
dc.date.available 2022-01-07T09:59:22Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10550/81227
dc.description.abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the internal consistency, hypothesis testing and criterion-related validity of the Spanish versions of the Kihon Checklist (KCL) - the original 25-item and reduced 15-item versions - for screening frailty in community-dwelling older adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between March and September 2018 in Valencia province (Spain). A sample of 251 participants was recruited. Construct validity was assessed using four different frailty instruments, and alternative measures corresponding to the KCL domains (handgrip strength, gait speed, the Short Physical Performance Battery, skeletal muscle mass index, physical activity level, functional status, cognitive function, depressive mood, health-related quality of life and nutritional status). Fried's Frailty Phenotype was used to evaluate criterion validity. Results: Internal consistency assessed with Kuder-Richardson Formula had a value of 0.69 for the 25-item version, slightly lower than the usual 0.7 for considering good reliability, and 0.71 for the 15-item version. There were significant correlations between KCL versions and Fried's Frailty Phenotype, Edmonton Scale, Tilburg Indicator and FRAIL Scale. Consistent significant correlations were also obtained with all frailty measurements and instrumental activities of daily living, physical strength, eating, socialization, and mood domains of the KCL. The KCL closely correlated with other standardized measurements of physical function, cognitive function, depressive mood, and health-related quality of life. The KCL also showed satisfactory diagnostic accuracy for frailty (area under the curve 0.891 for KCL-25; area under the curve 0.857 for KCL-15). The optimal cut-off points were 5/6 and 3/4, respectively. Conclusions: The findings suggest that both versions of the KCL, especially KCL-15, showed adequate evidence of validity and internal consistency as a preliminary screening of frailty among community-dwelling older adults in Spain.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 2021, vol. 21, p. 262-267
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.source Sentandreu-Mañó, T Cezón-Serrano, N Cebrià i Iranzo, MA Tortosa Chuliá, M. Ángeles Tomás, JM Salom Terrádez, JR Balasch-Bernat, M. 2021 Kihon Checklist to assess frailty in older adults: Some evidence on the internal consistency and validity of the Spanish version Geriatrics & Gerontology International 21 262 267
dc.subject Gerontologia
dc.subject Economia
dc.title Kihon Checklist to assess frailty in older adults: Some evidence on the internal consistency and validity of the Spanish version
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated 2022-01-07T09:59:23Z
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.14126
dc.identifier.idgrec 142941

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