Assessing risky and protective behaviors among pedestrians in the Dominican Republic: New evidence about pedestrian safety in the Caribbean
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Assessing risky and protective behaviors among pedestrians in the Dominican Republic: New evidence about pedestrian safety in the Caribbean

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Assessing risky and protective behaviors among pedestrians in the Dominican Republic: New evidence about pedestrian safety in the Caribbean

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dc.contributor.author Alonso Plá, Francisco Manuel
dc.contributor.author Oviedo Trespalacios, Oscar
dc.contributor.author Gené Morales, Javier
dc.contributor.author Useche, Sergio A.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-11-11T16:32:40Z
dc.date.available 2021-11-11T16:32:40Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10550/80711
dc.description.abstract Introduction Research on pedestrians' behavior and safety in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) is scarce, compared to high-income economies. This study aimed to present the validation of the Walking Behavior Questionnaire (WBQ), which has not been tested before in the Dominican Republic, and to evaluate age differences in walking-related self-reported behaviors. Methods For this study, a nationwide sample of 1026 pedestrians answered a questionnaire on risky and safe walking behaviors. Psychometric properties of the WBQ, variable correlations and age-based differences in walking were tested. Results Overall, the WBQ presented an adequate structure, goodness-of-fit indexes, and high reliability. Significant correlations between walking-related variables and demographic factors, as well as key differences in walking behaviors among young people, adults, and aging adults were found. Conclusions These results provide a strong background for assessing walking behaviors through the WBQ (for the first time in an LMIC), as -apart from presenting fair psychometric properties-it highlights the existence of walking pattern-related and demographic differences in the risky behaviors performed by pedestrians. Implications In practical settings, this is the first large-scale behavioral questionnaire-based research on pedestrian safety conducted in the Dominican Republic, whose outcomes support the value of implementing effective evidence-based policies and educational interventions that consider age-related specificities for strengthening both healthier and safer walking. Furthermore, these implications may be applied in other countries of the region or with similar socio-economic features.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Journal Of Transport & Health, 2021, vol. 22, p. 101145
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.source Alonso Plá, Francisco Manuel Oviedo Trespalacios, Oscar Gené Morales, Javier Useche, Sergio A. 2021 Assessing risky and protective behaviors among pedestrians in the Dominican Republic: New evidence about pedestrian safety in the Caribbean Journal Of Transport & Health 22 101145
dc.subject Psicologia
dc.subject Seguretat viària
dc.title Assessing risky and protective behaviors among pedestrians in the Dominican Republic: New evidence about pedestrian safety in the Caribbean
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated 2021-11-11T16:32:41Z
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2021.101145
dc.identifier.idgrec 148966

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